Pest Control

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  • One of the most commonly noted household pests
  • Prefer warm, dark and wet places such as in drains, basements, pipes and drains, rubbish chutes and sewers
  • Crawl through dirty areas and then walk around homes tracking in lots of bacteria and germs
  • Contaminate food when it comes in contact with their skin or waste by-products
  • Trigger various allergic reactions or illnesses such as Asthma, Diphtheria, Dysentery, Gastroenteritis, Hepatitis and Typhoid

Common cockroach species

(1) Periplaneta americana (American cockroach)

  • 35-50mm long
  • Reddish-brown
  • Yellow border around pronotum
  • Cercus is long and sharp at the end

(2) Blatella germanica (German cockroach)

  • 10-15 mm long
  • Two longitudinal parallel black bands on pronotum

(3) Supella longipalpa (Brown-banded cockroach)

  • 10-14mm
  • Dark brown pronotum with lighter lateral edges
  • Can survive in low amount of water, unlike American cockroach

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Residual chemical spraying on affected areas and perimeter of landscape, or gel baiting for unsuitable places
  • For residential areas such as condominiums, monthly fogging of rubbish bin chute or flushing of man hole will be proposed
  • Internally for home, laying of glue boards will be implemented
  • Flushing out service such as ULV Misting can be used for heavily infested areas
  • Sanitation methodology is recommended to prevent future invasion of such pests
  • Colonised almost every landmass on Earth
  • Can enter through even the thinnest cracks on walls in search for food
  • Once food has been located, they are able to unite their entire colony to carry it back to their nest
  • To make things worse, their nest locations can be anywhere. And to top it off, each colony size can number up to 300,000 and above
  • Though ants do not carry diseases, but some species does inflict painful bites when comes in contact or threatened

Common Ant Species

(1) Paratrechina longicornis (Crazy ant)

  • Nuisance, do not bite / sting
  • 3mm, monomorphic workers
  • Prefer sugar-based food, but normally a general feeder

(2) Anoplolepis gracilipes (Red or yellow crazy ant)

  • Do not bite / sting
  • 4-5mm, monomorphic workers
  • Broad diet, but prefer protein and sugar-based foods

(3) Monomorium pharaonis (Pharaoh ant)

  • May bite, but rarely sting
  • 1.5 – 2.0mm, monomorphic workers
  • Prefer protein and oil-based food

(4) Tapinoma melanocephalum (Ghost ant)

  • Nuisance, do not bite / sting
  • 1.3 – 1.5 mm, monomorphic workers
  • Prefer sugar-based food

(5) Tapinoma indicum (Ghost ant)

  • Nuisance, do not bite / sting
  • 1.3 – 1.5 mm, monomorphic workers
  • Prefer sugar-based food, but also respond to protein and oil-based food

(6) Pheidole megacephala (Big-headed ant)

  • May bite / sting
  • 1.5 – 3.0 mm, dimorphic workers
  • Prefer protein and oil-based food

(7) Monomorium destructor (Singapore ant)

  • May bite, but rarely sting
  • 1.8 – 3.0 mm, dimorphic workers
  • Prefer sugar- and protein-based food

(8) Camponotus sp. (Carpenter ant)

  • Do not bite / sting
  • 4 – 17mm, polymorphic workers
  • Prefer sugar-based food, but may feed on dead insects

(9) Oecophylla smaragdina (Weaver ant)

  • Bite when disturbed, but do not sting
  • Dimorphic workers
  • Prefer nectar and sugary solution

(10) Solenopsis geminata (Tropical fire ant)

  • Minor workers bite and sting, while major workers only bite
  • 2.4 – 6.0mm, Dimorphic workers
  • Prefer protein and oil-based food

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Residual chemical spraying on affected areas and perimeter of landscape, or gel baiting for unsuitable places
  • Garden spraying to any gardens or grass turfs
  • Residual spray at the perimeter of landscape
  • Sanitation methodology is recommended to prevent future invasion of such pests
  • Considered as one of the deadly pest worldwide
  • Rats and mice are primarily nocturnal creatures
  • All rodents need to shorten their front teeth
  • They do so by gnawing on any things that is available for them
  • It can vary from electrical wirings, gas pipes, home appliance, apparels and furniture
  • This often results in power failure, accidental fire and expensive daily disruptions
  • Roof rats and house mice are good climbers
  • Rats and mice are good swimmers

Common rodent species

(1) Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)

  • Adult weight: 150-600g
  • Coarse fur, upper parts brown and under parts greyish
  • Droppings are large (13-20mm long), capsule-shaped
  • Burrows usually is a sign of outdoor infestation of Norway rat

(2) Rattus rattus (Roof rat)

  • Adult weight: 185-240g
  • Rough fur, upper parts olive brown, under parts greyish brown or brown
  • Droppings are medium-sized (8-13mm long), spindle-shaped

(3) Mus musculus (House Mouse)

  • Adult weight: 14-20g
  • Short and sleek fur, variable in colour from brown to grey
  • Droppings are small (5-6mm long), rod-shaped

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Identifying all the external burrows and common activity areas internally
  • Application of rat poison such as Racumin® Tracking Powder
  • Traps placement such as glue boards, cages and rodent monitoring stations
  • Recommendation of rat proofing structure and sanitation improvement to prevent future invasion of pest
  • Disposal of dead and trapped rats in a proper manner by our trained service technicians
  • Honeybee nests vary in sizes and they typically build their nests on tree
  • Due to heavy deforestation in urban city like Singapore, they are forced to create nest on walls and ceilings
  • They do sting, but only once. Bee sting can be extremely painful and cause allergic reactions to some
  • Wasps build their nests in a variety of places, often choosing sunny spots, such as side of walls, trees or plants, or underneath floors or eaves of houses
  • Wasps will attack and sting humans, particularly if threatened. Most people stung by a wasp will have swelling, itching and pain at the site of the sting

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Assessment of harbourage area and size
  • If hive is small, Neufu gas usage will be applied else burning and residual spray option
  • Removal of hive and proper disposal
  • Important pests, mostly in subtropical and temperate country
  • Nocturnal blood-sucking ectoparasites
  • Only approach a host when they intend to feed, but spend most of their time hiding or resting in their hiding sites
  • Do not transmit any disease pathogen

Common bed bugs species

(1) Cimex lectularius (Common bed bug)

  • Prothorax is more expanded laterally
  • Extreme margins are broader

(2) Cimex hemipterus (Tropical bed bug)

  • Prothorax is less expanded laterally
  • Extreme margins are less flattened

Treatment Procedure:

Method 1 (3 Services At The Interval Of Every 1 Week)

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Thorough examination of potentially harbourage (mattress, wall skirting, sofa, cabinets and trunking) for bed bugs as well as the perimeters around it
  • Odourless chemical residual spraying to areas of infestation
  • Indoor misting to the premises during the first service

Remarks:

Please be advise after the misting the premises need to be vacant for 4 hours

Method 2 (2 Services At The Interval Of 1 Week)

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Thorough examination of potentially harbourage (mattress, wall skirting, sofa, cabinets and trunking) for bed bugs as well as the perimeters around it
  • Hot steaming at bed bugs harbourage areas
  • Odourless chemical residual spraying to areas of infestation

Remarks:

This specific treatment comes with a 2-weeks warranty

  • Based on records, there are about 67 species of snakes in Singapore, inclusive of land, coral and sea species. Majority are not a threat to humans unless threaten
  • The largest reptile found locally will be the Reticulated Python, in their category
  • Hazardous snakes such as Equatorial Spitting Cobras can still be found in desolated areas of this island
  • As for the King Cobra, it has been sighted before, but very rare
  • Usually, when snakes are found in living habitats, it is most likely they are in search for food or looking for their new hideout such as wood piles, piles of debris, high grass and overgrown vegetation
  • Most common found in Singapore will be species from the python, cobra and house snake family

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate snake presence inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Capture of identified snake alive with appropriate handling tool
  • Proper spraying and powdering of sulphur flakes around perimeter
  • Structural improvement recommendations such as covering of holes, snake preferred harbourage removal to minimize future snake invasion
  • Highly destructive insect pest in the urban environment
  • Cellulose (Wood) feeding insects
  • They resemble ants but their waist is thick and antennae are not elbowed. Reproductive or alate of termites have two pairs of wings that are equal length

Three groups of termites:

(1) Subterranean termites

  • Build their nests in soil
  • Highly dependent on soil for moisture
  • Construct mud tubes to avoid dehydration during the process of searching for cellulose sources above ground level

(2) Drywood termites

  • Found inside dry wood
  • Less dependent on moisture sources
  • Do not need to access the soil for survival
  • Faecal pellets are normally visible outside the exit holes

(3) Dampwood termites

  • Found in decayed woods such as old tree stumps, rotting logs and buried timbers
  • May or may not maintain a connection to the soil
  • Rarely infest indoor structures

Treatment Procedure for Subterranean Termites:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Infested sites are treated with termiticide powder, followed by a review 1 week later
  • Infested sites are treated with Xterm, followed by a 6-weeks incremental interval review
  • Sanitation and structural improvement are recommended to prevent future invasion of such pests

Remarks:

Should there be any subterranean termites activities being detected, please contact ESUN Pest Management immediately. Our team is always ready to attend to the situation. Do not cause any disturbance to the infestation perimeters, so as to avoid minimum spreading of the pest problem.

Treatment Procedure for Drywood Termites:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Identifying the dust found on the floor, determining whether is powdery or pellets form
  • Tracing and zoning the areas of infestation above the dust compound
  • Using an injection needle to infuse chemical into those infested holes

Remarks:

Should there be any subterranean termites activities being detected, please contact ESUN Pest Management immediately. Our team is always ready to attend to the situation. Do not cause any disturbance to the infestation perimeters, so as to avoid minimum spreading of the pest problem.

  • Small flying insects
  • 3 to 6mm in length
  • Slender scale body with thin long legs and a pair of membranous wings
  • A pair of filamentous antennae, a pair of palps and a proboscis on their head

Common mosquitoes species:

(1) Aedes species

  • Breed in clear water, such as ground pool, man made containers and natural container
  • Bites at dawn and dusk. Rest indoors
  • Life cycle: 6 to 8 days (mostly within 7 days)
  • Aedes eggs can withstand dehydration on dried up substrate up to 6 months and remain viable. They hatch only when flooded
  • Flight distance short: within 30 meters
  • Vector of dengue fever, chikungunya, zika & yellow fever

(2) Culex species

  • Breed in polluted water bodies with organic materials, such as ditches, blocked and stagnant drains, septic tanks
  • Bites at night
  • Life cycle: 10 to 12 days
  • Long distance fliers than Aedes mosquitoes
  • Active indoors and outdoors
  • Rest indoor before and after blood meal
  • Vectors of filariasis and Japanese encephalitis

(3) Anopheles species

  • Breed in clean and unpolluted water, such as temporary or permanent water bodies, fresh or brackish water, paddy fields and pool with vegetation
  • Presence of aquatic vegetation
  • Bites at night
  • Life cycle: 16 to 18 days
  • Flight distance: 2 to 3km
  • Vectors of malaria

(4) Mansonia species

  • Breed in habitat with floating aquatic plants & bodies of permanent water, such as swamps, ditches and rivers
  • Bites at night and outdoors & Rest outdoors after blood meal
  • Life cycle: 23 to 24 days
  • Long distance flier; up to 2km
  • Larvae obtain oxygen by inserting the sharp siphon into the submerged roots of plants

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Larviciding, oiling or Abate to areas with stagnant water
  • Water-base or thermal fogging will be performed
  • Outdoor misting or barrier treatment will be conducted
  • Structure improvements on stagnant water collection will be recommended to prevent breeding grounds for mosquitoes
  • Pests with high public health significance
  • A single pair of wings for flying
  • Another pair of wings are reduced to become halteres which are high-speed sensors for rotational movement and allow flies to evade approaching objects
  • Nuisance pests frequenting garbage, dead animals, decomposing organic matter and farm manure

Common flies species:

(1) Musca domestica (House fly)

  • Medium size (6-9mm long)
  • Non-metallic: light to dark grey
  • Four broad black longitudinal stripes
  • Proboscis: Adapted for sucking fluid and semifluid food
  • Covered with small hairs that serve as taste organs

(2) Chrysomya megacephala (Blue bottle fly)

  • Roughly 10mm-14mm
  • Bright, metallic blue of its abdomen
  • Grey head

(3) Sarcophaga peregrina (Flesh Fly)

  • 4.1mm –22.9 mm
  • Dull greyish-black with three dark stripes on the thorax

Treatment Procedure:

  • Initiate pest infestation inspection from ESUN Pest Management
  • Identification of breeding or infested site as well as type of flies
  • Residual chemical spraying on affected areas
  • Cleaning and removal of breeding site

Optional Solutions:

  • Flies Catcher Installation
  • Indoor ULV Misting